Dento alveolar surgery is the most commonly performed surgical procedure by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. This refers to the surgical procedures associated with the dentate segment of the maxilla or mandible, termed the alveolar ridge. They include a variety of procedures ranging from simple tooth extractions, alveoplasty (recontouring of the alveolar bone), removal of tori, exposure of impacted teeth for orthodontic treatment, and extraction of impacted third molars. The origins and the current practice of oral and maxillofacial surgery is heavily based on dento alveolar surgery. Over 50 percent of the practice of oral and maxillofacial surgeons worldwide compromises dento alveolar procedures.